The Indus Valley Civilization is one of the oldest river valley civilizations in the world from 3300 BC to 1700 BC. According to research published in the prestigious journal Nature, this civilization is at least 8000 years old. Similarly it is also called Harappa Sabhyata and ‘Indus-Saraswati Civilization’. It developed on the banks of the Indus and Hakra (ancient Saraswati). Mohenjodaro, Kalibanga, Lothal, Dholavira, Rakhigarhi and Harappa have been its most important centres. In December 2014, Bhirdana was recognized as the oldest city of the Indus Valley Civilization till date. Mohenjodaro is a Sindhi word, which means ‘idle mound’.
It is also called ‘Muan Jodaro’. Charles Mason was the first to draw attention to the high quality Harappan mounds. Mohenjodaro is a metropolis of the Indus Valley Civilization which is dotted with large dunes. The city comes under Harappa, the major metropolis of the Indus Valley. The cutting edge of this civilization was Mesopotamia.
Expansion of Harappan Civilization
The Harappan civilization was a city agency, which saw seven variations in definite signs and symptoms. During the destruction of Mohenjodaro, the Harappan civilization rebuilt the city of Mohenjodaro. The Harappan civilization at that time was mainly based on the progress of urban existence.
Know about the economic life and religious life of Harappan civilization
Metropolitan Plan of the Harappan Civilization
The existence of Harappan humans became very great and peaceful. The Harappan community lived in rural areas. He was a very good thinker and friendly person, he has not been risky at all. The houses inside the big cities in which humans lived were once 5 feet long and 97 feet wide. His buildings consisted of one-room houses.
He used sun-dried bricks for the development of the building. Rich people lived in big houses, they had houses with many rooms. Mainly bad people lived in small houses and huts.
The Grain Garage Room, which used to be forty-five. Seventy one meters long and 15.23 meters huge. This turned into one of the major features of the Indus Civilization.
Salient Features and Art of Harappan Civilization
Humans of the Harappan civilization had the ability to understand artwork. They used many forms of pottery and glazed pottery. They used to shade many types of objects, even they used to color animals like cow, sheep, monkey, elephant, buffalo, pig etc. He discovered and colored different forms of idols. Harappan civilization very famous civilization of Prachin Bharat Ka itihas.
Features of Harappan Culture
The most important characteristic of the Harappan way of life turned into its town-planning. Both Harappa and Mohenjodaro had their own forts in which contributors of the ruling magnificence in all likelihood resided.The roads of the towns ran from north to south or from east to west, intersecting each different at right angles.
There had been homes on each aspects of the roads which have been made from pucca bricks. Bricks were baked with wooden. The use of baked bricks inside the cities of the Harappan tradition is a remarkable issue, because the modern-day homes of Egypt in particular used sun-dried bricks.
The largest building of Mohenjodaro is the grain keep here, that’s 45.Seventy one meters lengthy and 15.23 meters huge. Each granary is 15.23 meters long and six.09 meters extensive. These were a few meters far from the river bank. The total ground place of these twelve units is about 838.1025 sq..
The sanitation gadget of the Harappan civilization turned into very marvelous. Each residence had a lavatory. The floors of the bathrooms had been product of pucca bricks and first rate care changed into taken for its cleanliness. Probably no other civilization has given such importance to fitness and cleanliness because the people of Harappan culture.
Metropolis protection control
The people of the Harappan civilization used to set up a moat and wall across the town to maintain their towns secure from the enemies. This boundary wall probably also served as a fortification.
The Harappan civilization was a social and monetary equilibrium. There are indications of a democratic authorities system on this civilization. Because of this, there may be a experience of equality on this civilization. There is no first-rate social and spiritual disparity a number of the human beings of this civilization.
The seals, copper-sheets and stone, clay and metallic sculptures determined in the excavation provide a whole lot of information about the non secular lifestyles of the population of the Indus-Valley.
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