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Guide: How To Structure A Dissertation

How to structure a dissertation

You did so hard work on your research work, and now you want to write the perfect dissertation. You did your research and had all the data, and now you have. All you need to do is put all the data on the paper. How do you manage it?

Working on a dissertation is not that simple, and the most difficult thing is its structuring. Consequently, if you are stressed with dissertation structuring, then this article can help you understand the structuring.

A Brief Guide to Structure Dissertation

This guide displays how to structure a dissertation efficiently. To give you a chance to exercise proofreading, we have written this article to let you should you must consider while writing a dissertation.

13 aspects of dissertation structure 

Look at the structure of the dissertation. The dissertation consists of the below parts.

  1. Title Page
  2. Page Acknowledgement
  3. Abstract
  4. Table of Contents
  5. Page Table of Figures & Tables
  6. Chapter Introduction
  7. Page Literature review
  8. Methodology
  9. Results
  10. Discussion
  11. Conclusion
  12. Page Reference list
  13. Page Appendices

Title page

This is the first page of your manuscript that comprises the title of your dissertation, for example, your name, your department, university, your program, and the date of submission dissertation.  Also, it includes your student or enrollment number, your instructor’s name, and includes university logo. 

Why do you proofread your dissertation?

The professional editors for dissertation proofreading not only improve the spelling and grammar errors in your dissertation but also enhance your scholarly writing by making sure your paper is flawless and perfect by removing repetitive words. 


This part is usually non-compulsory; it is basically to include acknowledging instructors’ efforts on your dissertation, to thank people who helped you in editing and writing your dissertation. Acknowledgment includes your participants, supervisors, friends who supported you in your research.


This is a brief instant of your thesis or dissertation, classically about 150 to 300 words. It should be written at the end when you have completed it.

  • Abstract states the key points and purpose of your work.
  • It describes the techniques and approaches you have used in your research.
  • An abstract summarizes the main findings or results of your research.
  • It also states your assumptions or conclusions.

Though the abstract is a very precise part and that is mostly read by the audience. So, it is essential that you write perfectly. Are you struggling with writing the perfect abstract for your dissertation? Then consult dissertation proofreading services to write your abstract.


Table of contents (TOC) 

In the table of contents, you list all the chapters and headings, and subheadings with page numbers. The thesis or dissertation contents page allows the reader to check the structure, and that helps you easily navigate the manuscript. Hire professional dissertation editors to edit your work.

In the table of contents, you must include the appendices. Also, if you have used headings and subheading styles, then you can generate TOC automatically in a word document.

Tables and figures list

If you have used many images, figures, or tables in your manuscript, then you must list them in an add-up list. Also, you can do this automatically and generate this list using the “Insert Caption feature” in MS word

Abbreviations lists

If you have used too many abbreviations in your manuscript, then you can include them in alphabetical order and a list of abbreviations to make it easier for the reader to understand the meaning and full form of the important words or terminologies.


Glossary used to mention unique terms from which your readers are not familiar. Therefore it is best to include a glossary. You should include all the terms alphabetically and describe each term with a brief definition and explanation.

The introduction chapters 

In the introduction, you describe the aim of the topic, relevancy, and it tells readers what to expect from this topic or research work. Start your dissertation topic, give essential information about the research.

  • Write down the objective and define the scope
  • Describe the existing research on your selected topic and show the relevancy of your topic to the existing research.
  • Evidently, describe your research objectives and questions
  • Describe the overview of your entire dissertation.

Literature review chapter 

In this chapter, you collect all the sources and select the most related ones. You critically analyze and evaluate all the sources. Picture connections between gaps and put on a single point.

In this chapter, you must not summarize existing research but also develop the structure and research argument that leads to your own research. 

The methodology chapters 

This chapter describes that how you conducted research for your dissertation, and it allows your reader to check its authenticity.

  • Include the approach and the type of research, for example, qualitative or quantitative.
  • What methods you have used to collect data, for example, surveys and interviews.
  • The tools you have used, how you took all the data
  • An assessment or explanation of your methods


It describes all the relevant findings, including descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, and deviations.

  • Findings describe how all the findings relate to your research questions.
  • It includes all the figures and tables to help your readers to understand more clearly. Describe all the results that are relevant to your research questions.

Discussion chapter

It gives the interpretation that what your results meant. The discussion chapter explores and tells the readers why your research is important. 

Conclusion chapter 

The conclusion must answer all the main research questions, and help readers to understand clearly your argument, and highlight what your research has underwritten. 

Reference list

You should also include all the references that you have quoted in a reference list. References list also called a bibliography.  It is necessary to follow a constant citation style. Each citation style has its specific requirements that how to cite all the sources. Many students look for a dissertation editor near me to check their dissertation work. 


Your thesis or dissertation itself should include only the necessary information that answers your research questions.


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